Impotence is a sexual dysfunction in men. It causes a lack of firmness during sexual intercourse. All men can face this problem. However, men over 60 years of age or above are more prone to such inability. Various causes can be responsible for inducing a lack of firmness. However, the common ones include diabetes, hypertension, testosterone deficiency, heart diseases, and structural deformity in the penis. Consult with your doctor if you are facing erection problems very often. Medications, penile pumps, testosterone therapy, and surgery can help with your impotence treatment.

How a man gets an erection? 

In the canal of the male organ, there are two-stage hollow spaces of soft tissues called the corpora cavernosa. There are mostly liable for keeping up the firmness. Moreover, there is another space beneath them called the corpus spongiosum. The urethra, which carries urine and semen, is present in the middle of this cavity. It consists of tiny arteries, veins, spongy muscle fibers, and certain empty spaces. Moreover, the cavity is covered in the casing of thin tissues. 

When a man attains firmness, the brain drives signs to the nerves endings in the penis. It makes the spongy muscles in the cavity relax and widen the arteries. This makes it possible for the blood to fill up the empty spaces. 

The strength of blood causes the cover of tissues near the cavity to pressurize the veins. It enables the blood to fill the penis, which hooks up the blood flow in the organ. A sufficient amount of blood in the penis is necessary to maintain an erection. Therefore, the blood makes it stiff and allows you to become erect. 

On the other hand, the excitement drops off, the muscles become narrow, and it draws the blood out of the male organ. Slowly, the blood draws off the penis, and it becomes non-erect again. However, if you face erection problems, consult your doctor for well-working impotence treatment

What results in causing ED?

There can be several causes of a weak erection. However, the major reasons for the lack of firmness in men are as follows-

Physical causes

The physical causes are the health conditions, which affect the men’s ability directly or indirectly. In most cases of ED, these reasons are found to be the culprit. However, the frequent health problems are-

  • Heart diseases
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Injury in the pelvic region
  • Backbone injury
  • Atherosclerosis

Psychological causes

The psychological causes are mental health conditions, which ruin the ability to stay firm. However, these reasons are rarely responsible for ED cases. The common psychological causes are as follows-

  • Grief
  • Severe anxiety
  • Depression
  • Remorse

Testosterone deficiency

Testosterone is a major hormone in the male’s body. It is responsible for various functions and developments inside the men’s anatomy. However, a lack of this hormone can lead to a weak erection.

Blood flow issues

It is the blood, which maintains the firmness of the organ. However, a lack of blood in the penis results in a weak or sometimes no erection.

Your doctor may conduct a diagnosis to rule out the possible cause responsible for your condition. Consequently, your impotence treatment may begin as soon as possible. Medications, penile pumps, and surgery can help get rid of your symptoms. 

What increases your risk of having impotence?

  • Obesity

Being obese can be a risk factor for erection problems. Heavy body mass demands an excess supply of blood. Therefore, obesity can result in blood flow issues, resulting in impotence.

  • Age

Growing age makes your body weak. It also affects the erection function in men. Men over the age of 60 are more prone to face a weak erection than young men are. However, this does not mean that young men will not have ED at all. They can also develop erection problems, and many causes can be responsible for it.

  • Alcohol consumption

Excessive consumption of alcohol can make your erection function poor. A little amount of wine can help you get in the mood. However, too much consumption of alcohol can damage your nervous system. It can result in a weak erection.

  • Smoking

Smoking has various adverse effects on your body. ED is one of them. The harmful components of tobacco can constrict the blood vessels leading to the penis. It further results in a weak erection.

  • Sedentary lifestyle

An inactive lifestyle can affect your body function. If you had a sedentary lifestyle for a long period, it can result in blood flow issues throughout your body. Moreover, other problems can also occur.

How can you defeat the risk factors?

The only way to win over the ED risk factors and support impotence treatment is to avoid or get over them. You may discuss with your doctor the ways you can avoid them. However, some helpful ways are-

  • Quit smoking

Smoking is harmful to health. It annihilates the body functions over time and decreases the ability to become erect during sexual intercourse. 

Getting over nicotine addiction is the finest way to put off the risk of smoking-associated ED. For this, you can seek quit smoking treatments such as NRT, cold turkey, behavioral therapy, and Champix. Moreover, your doctor may also lend you a hand in giving up the habit of smoking. 

  • Limit alcohol consumption

Restricting alcohol consumption is an added approach to prevent the threat of impotence. A suitable consumption is 1 glass for women to 2 glasses for men. Nevertheless, you should consult with your doctor about the appropriate use of such drinks. He may also suggest you if you have to abandon them. 

  • Manage your weight

Taking a supportive diet can help you get rid of obesity. You can add eggs, avocados, berries, oatmeal, and nuts to your diet.

In addition, doing regular exercises can also assist you in shedding redundant calories. You can start with walking and cycling. Further, you can go for lunges, swimming, running and doing squats. 

  • Family history

You cannot win over the family history of any condition. However, eating a healthy diet, doing regular workouts, and avoiding other risk factors can help reduce the risk and support your impotence treatment.

How are erection problems diagnosed?

Your doctor may conduct a proper diagnosis before prescribing a treatment for your condition. There are varieties of tests, which can help rule out the exact cause of your inability. However, the common diagnostic tests are-

  • Physical test

Under this diagnosis, your doctor may look at your penis, testicles, and nerves. It may help him identify if they are receiving the sensations properly.

  • Psychological test

Under this test, your doctor may try to see if the culprit for your inability is a psychological disorder. If he identifies that grief, depression, and remorse are triggering ED in you, your doctor may refer you to a psychologist or counselor. He may help you overcome your fear, anxiety and fight against depression.

  • Urine test

Also called urinalysis, this test involves taking a sample of your urine. This sample can help your doctor see if you are a prey of hypertension or diabetes. These health conditions can evoke the symptoms of ED. Therefore, identifying and treating them is crucially important.

  • Blood test

Here, your doctor may take a sample of your blood. This test can help identify if you have heart diseases, testosterone deficiency, or diabetes. These health conditions can trigger the symptoms of a weak erection.

  • Ultrasound

Under this diagnosis, your doctor may put a stick-like gadget over the blood vessels of your penis. It creates video graphics, which can assist your doctor see if you have blood flow issues.

These tests can help the expert rule out the exact cause responsible for your condition. Accordingly, he may prescribe a well-working impotence treatment for you.

What is the best ED treatment?

After ruling out the actual cause of lack of firmness, your doctor may begin with your healing. Various treatment methods can help you get rid of your inability. However, experts may recommend the following approaches for ED treatment-

Oral drugs

Oral drugs belonging to the medical class of PDE 5 inhibitors help treat erection problems. These medications include Cialis, Viagra, Levitra, and Spedra.

How do these drugs work?

The PDE 5 inhibitors work by improving the blood flow to the penis. As it is the blood that makes a man firm, an adequate supply of flow help maintain the erection.

Doctors prescribe using these medications about half an hour before engaging yourself in sexual activity. Moreover, they work best when you take them on an empty stomach.

Can all men use ED pills?

Although the ED tablets work very well, not all men should use them.

Men who have the following health conditions should not use medications for erection problems-

  • Hypertension
  • Liver diseases
  • Heart diseases
  • Kidney disorders

Consult with your health care provider for other treatment methods for erection problems. He may look at your causes and look for well-working treatment approaches.

Are there any side effects of ED tablets?

Like all other medications, medications for impotence treatment can also cause some side effects. However, the possible after-effects of using such medications can be-

  • Congestion
  • Dizziness
  • Digestive problems
  • Flushes
  • Headaches
  • Body pain
  • Vision problems
  • Body pain

Seek the opinion of your expert you develop these side effects while using the ED pills. He may alter your dosage or prescribe you any other drug.

Can there be severe side effects?

Sometimes, men can develop severe side effects of medications like Viagra. They are rare. However, the frequent ones are-

  • Prolonged erection
  • Hearing problems
  • Loss of vision


Penile pumps are devices, which are fixed over the penis. They help sustain the supply of blood in the organ. You can easily maintain an erection through this device if you have ED.

Testosterone therapy

If your doctor diagnoses you with a deficiency of testosterone, he may recommend testosterone therapy.

Under this treatment, the levels of this hormone are increased in the body. The doctor may prefer supplements, foods, and other ways to perform this therapy.

Psychological treatment                       

This type of treatment is for people who are diagnosed with psychological issues. Here, a psychologist or counselor can help overcome your mental health issues.


Surgery is the last option considered for impotence treatment. Doctors first try to treat your condition with medications and devices. However, when they do not bring desired results, doctors go for surgery.

Home remedies

Home remedies can assist in your healing procedure. Eating helpful foods, amending your lifestyle, and doing routine exercises can recover your sexual functions. 

Moreover, you can discuss with your healthcare provider for other effective at-home treatments. He may guide you on how to use medications and home remedies in combinations. Moreover, your doctor may also tell you what to do and what not during your treatment procedure. Following things can help you out-

  • Take a healthy diet

Eat a well-balanced diet. You can add foods and drinks, which maintain your physical, mental, and sexual health. Some of the foods, which can enhance your ability, are-

  • Cocoa
    • Avocados
    • Apples
    • Spinach
    • Carrots
    • Coffee
  • Regular exercises

Regular exercises can help in your ED treatment. Physical activities boost the blood flow in the body, including the male organ. A sufficient amount of blood can assist you in maintaining and sustaining an erection during sexual intercourse. 

In addition, pelvic floor exercises are supportive in solving erection problems. They make pelvic muscles stronger, which eventually helps you remain erect. However, you can perform the exercise the following way-

  • To find muscles, withdraw urination halfway; you may discover pelvic floor muscles this way.
    • Now, make them firm for a count of three or five and then rest for the same period.
    • Do the exercise thrice a day.

Furthermore, keep in mind to take enough breaths while doing the workout. 

  • Lifestyle shifts

Making some lifestyle changes can make your impotence treatment even more successful. Some of the lifestyle changes you should consider are-

  • An active lifestyle
    • Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol
    • Stop smoking
    • Regular exercises
    • Eat a well-balanced diet

Using home remedies besides medical procedures can enhance sexual function. For any queries, you can talk to your doctor. 

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